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Professore Associato





Received the Hydraulic Civil Engineering degree with honours in 1991 at the University of Padova, Italy. In 1994 he received the International Award ``Paolo Gatto'', Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, for the modeling of the aquifer system underlying the Venice Lagoon. He is Associate Professor of Subsurface Hydrology at the Dept. of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Padova (Italy) and co-founder of M3E S.r.l., spin-off of the University of Padova. He is associated scientist at the Italian National Research Council, the Key Laboratory of Land Subsidence Monitoring and Prevention, and the Key Laboratory of Earth Fissures Geological Disaster, Ministry of Land and Resources, China. He is chair of the IAHS/UNESCO-IHP "Land Subsidence International Initiative". His research interests concern modelling of flow in confined/phreatic aquifer systems, land subsidence due to natural sediment compaction, peat oxidation, groundwater fluid withdrawal, and hydrocarbon production, together with the geomechanical issues related to fluid withdrawal/injection such as earth fissuring and induced seismicity, long-term evolution of transitional environments because of sedimentation and consolidation, fresh/saltwater exchange and mixing in coastal areas. He has been involved in national and international research projects, including programs funded by the UNESCO, European Union, the European, German and Italian Space Agencies, Italian national and regional governments, the Geological Survey of Jiangsu Province, the State Supervision of Mines of The Netherlands, the Venice Water Authority, oil and energy production companies. He is the author and co-author of the book “Venice Shall Rise Again - Engineered Uplift of Venice through Seawater Injection” and of more than 280 publications in international journals (150) and proceedings of international conferences (130). His current H-index is 50 (Google Scholar, April 2023).


Office hours

  • Monday from 10:30 to 12:00
    at Studio del docente presso il Dip. ICEA
    Su appuntamento scrivendo una e-mail al docente:


Most recent publications in international journals:

L. Gazzola, M. Ferronato, P. Teatini, C. Zoccarato, A. Corradi, M.C Dacome and S. Mantica, Reducing uncertainty on land subsidence modeling prediction by a sequential data-integration approach. Application to the Arlua off-shore reservoir in Italy, Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment, 33, 100434, doi:10.1016/j.gete.2023.100434, 2023.

E. Zancanaro, C. Zoccarato, F. Morari and P. Teatini, Estimation of hydraulic parameters in a heterogeneous lowlying farmland near Venice, Hydrological Processes, 37(1), e14791, doi:10.1002/hyp.14791, 2023.

C. Zoccarato, P. S. J. Minderhoud, P. Zorzan, L. Tosi, A. Bergamasco, V. Girardi, P. Simonini, C. Cavallina, M. Cosma, C. Da Lio, S. Donnici and P. Teatini, In-situ loading experiments reveal how the subsurface affects coastal marsh survival, Communications Earth & Environment, 3, 264, doi:10.1038/s43247-022-00600-9, 2022.

C. Lu, L. Zhu, X. Li, H. Gong, D. Du, H. Wang and P. Teatini, Land subsidence evolution and simulation in the western coastal area of Bohai Bay, China, J. of Marine Sciences and Engineering, 10, 1549, doi:10.3390/jmse10101549, 2022.

R. Xotta, C. Zoccarato, P. Minderhoud and P. Teatini, Modelling the role of compaction in the three-dimensional evolution of depositional environments, J. of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, 127, e2022JF006590, doi:10.1029/2022JF006590, 2022.

Y. Li, N. Friedman, P. Teatini, A. Benczur, S. Ye, L. Zhu and C. Zoccarato, Sensitivity analysis of factors controlling earth fissures due to excessive groundwater pumping, Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, doi:10.1007/s00477-022-02237-8, 2022.

R. Bonì, P. Teatini, C. Zoccarato, C. Guardiola-Albert, P. Ezquerro, G. Bru, R. Tomás, J. Valdes-Abellan, C. Pla, M. I. Navarro-Hernandez, A. Elçi, B. Çaylak, A. H. Ören, K. Shatanawi, A. H. Mohammad, H. A. Hajar, T. Letterio, R. Genovesi, H. Hreisha, Q. Al-Mimi, and C. Meisina, Stakeholders' perspective on groundwater management in four water-stressed Mediterranean areas: priorities and challenges, Land, 11, 738, doi:10.3390/land11050738, 2022.

J. Li, L. Zhu, H. Gong, J. Zhou, Z. Dai, X. Li, H. Wang, C. Zoccarato and P. Teatini, Unraveling elastic and inelastic storage of aquifer systems by integrating fast independent component analysis and a variable preconsolidation head decomposition method, Journal of Hydrology, 606, 127420, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2021.127420, 2022.

Y. Li, P. Teatini, J. Yu, A. Franceschini, M. Frigo, C. Zoccarato and S. Ye, Aseismic multi-fissure modelling in unfaulted heavily pumped basins: Mechanisms and applications, Water Resources Researh, 57, e2021WR030127, doi:10.1029/2021WR030127, 2021.

L. Gazzola, M. Ferronato, M. Frigo, C. Janna, P. Teatini, C. Zoccarato, M. Antonelli, A. Corradi, M. C. Dacome and S. Mantica, A novel methodological approach for land subsidence prediction through data assimilation techniques, Computational Geosciences, doi:10.1007/s10596-021-10062-1, 2021.

G. Herrera-Garcia, P. Ezquerro, R. Tomas, M. Bejar-Pizarro, J. Lopez-Vinielles, M. Rossi, R. M. Mateos, D. Carreon-Freyre, J. Lambert, P. Teatini, E. Cabral-Cano, G. Erkens, D. Galloway, W.-C. Hung, N. Kakar, M. Sneed, L. Tosi, H. Wand and S. Ye, Mapping the global threat of land subsidence, Science, 371 (6524), 34-36, doi:10.1126/science.abb8549, 2021.

Research Area

- Development and application of numerical models for the simulation of the hydrological response of complex aquifer systems

- Development and application of numerical models for the simulation of geomechanical effects (land subsidence, rebound, earth fissures) induced by the withdrawal / injection of water from / in the subsoil

- Development and application of numerical models for the simulation of geomechanical effects associated with the production and storage of gas (CH4, CO2) in deep reservoirs: land subsidence, integrity of the caprocks, compaction of production pools, reactivation of faults, induced seismicity, hydro / mechanical coupling with hydraulically connected aquifers

- Hydrological, geomechanical and morphological characterization aimed at the defense and sustainable management of coastal areas such as deltas, tidal environments, peatlands, mechanically drained farmlands. Use of field and laboratory tests, invasive and non-invasive methods, and numerical modeling for the quantification of: exchanges of fresh - salt water, CO2 emissions in the atmosphere, sedimentation and natural consolidation, subsidence vs mean sea level rise, productivity of agricultural areas

- Characterization of the compressibility of porous media through laboratory tests, site tests, well logs, assimilation techniques of surface measurements obtained with SAR interferometry and GPS measurements

Thesis proposals

The proposed theses may concern the following topics:

- numerical modeling of geomechanical processes (land subsidence, reactivation of faults, cracks, induced seismicity) caused by extraction of groundwater, hydrocarbons from deep deposits, injection of gas in the subsoil. Applications to sites in Italy, Mexico, China, USA, etc. for which projects and collaborations are underway

- numerical modeling of fresh water / salt water interaction in coastal areas

- modelling groundwater filtration through embankments or in highly heterogeneous coastal aquifers (paleorivers / paleochannels)

- modeling of the medium / long-term evolution of the lagoons and deltas due to sedimentation and consolidation processes. Study of their dynamics with adaptive grid models. Applications to coastal areas in Italy, The Netherlands, USA, Far East where projects and collaborations are underway

- development of field tests for the characterization of hydrological and geomechanical properties of the soils, with particular regard to the processes of soil salinization, peat oxidation, consolidation of Holocene deposits

- processing of datasets provided by SAR analyses of satellite images for the characterization of regional land subsidence and the risks associated with differential displacements of anthopogenic structures and infrastructures