MANAGING THE EFFECTS OF MULTIPLE STRESSORS ON AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS UNDER WATER SCARCITY
Scientist: Giorgio Cassiani
Total cost: 9,990,594 €
Eu Funding: 7,590,585 €
Water and water-related services are major components of the human wellbeing, and as such are major factors of socioeconomic development in Europe; yet freshwater systems are under threat by a variety of stressors (organic and inorganic pollution, geomorphological alterations, land cover change, water abstraction, invasive species and pathogens). Some stressors, such as water scarcity, can be a stressor on its own because of its structural character, and drive the effects of other stressors. The relevance of water scarcity as a stressor is more important in semi-arid regions, such as the Mediterranean basin, which are characterized by highly variable river flows and the occurrence of low flows. This has resulted in increases in frequency and magnitude of extreme flow events. Furthermore, in other European regions such as eastern Germany, western Poland and England, water demand exceeds water availability and water scarcity has become an important management issue. Water scarcity is most commonly associated with inappropriate water management, with resulting river flow reductions. It has become one of the most important drivers of change in freshwater ecosystems.Conjoint occurrence of a myriad of stressors (chemical, geomorphological, biological) under water scarcity will produce novel and unfamiliar synergies and most likely very pronounced effects. Within this context, GLOBAQUA has assembled a multidisciplinary team of leading scientists in the fields of hydrology, chemistry, ecology, ecotoxicology, economy, sociology, engineering and modeling in order to study the interaction of multiple stressors within the frame of strong pressure on water resources. The aim is to achieve a better understanding how current management practices and policies could be improved by identifying the main drawbacks and alternatives.
Coordinator: Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas
Participants: Fundacio Institut Catala de Recerca de l’Aigua, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Università degli Studi di Trento, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Stichting Dienst Landbouwkundig Onderzoek, Helmholtz- Zentrum für Umweltforschung GmbH – Ufz, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Athena Research and Innovation Center in Information Communication & Knowledge Technologies, Institut Jozef Stefan, Universidad del Pais Vasco Ehu Upv, Sveriges Meteorologiska och Hydrologiska Institut, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institut za Bioloska Istrazivanja, Universitat de Barcelona, Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek – Tno, Aeiforia Srl, Jrc -Joint Research Centre- European Commission, Institut Agronomique et Veterinaire Hassan Ii, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Wageningen University, Università degli Studi di Padova