The European Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers (C&C)
In January 2000 the Commission of the European Communities considered it necessary to establish the European Research Area as the linchpin of the Community’s future action in this field with a view to consolidating and giving structure to a European research policy. On March 11th 2005 the Commission published a Recommendation that provides Member States, employers, funders and researchers with a valuable instrument to undertake, on a voluntary basis, further initiatives for the improvement and consolidation of researchers’ career prospects in the European Union and for the creation of an open labour market for researchers.
The European Charter for Researchers is a set of general principles and requirements which specifies the roles, responsibilities and entitlements of researchers as well as of employers and/or funders of researchers. The aim of the Charter is to ensure that the nature of the relationship between researchers and employers or funders is conducive to successful performance in generating, transferring, sharing and disseminating knowledge and technological development, and to the career development of researchers.
The Charter also recognizes the value of all forms of mobility as a means for enhancing the professional development of researchers. In this sense, the Charter constitutes a framework for researchers, employers and funders and addresses to all researchers in the European Union at all stages of their career, covering all fields of research in the public and private sectors, irrespective of the nature of the appointment or employment, the legal status of their employer or the type of organisation or establishment in which the work is carried out. It takes as its premise that researchers as well as employers and/or funders of researchers have an overriding obligation to ensure that they meet the requirements of the respective national or regional legislation (European Researcher’s Charter ).
The Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers consists of a set of general principles and requirements that should be followed by employers and/or funders when appointing or recruiting researchers. These principles and requirements should ensure observance of values such as transparency of the recruitment process and equal treatment of all applicants, in particular with regard to the development of an attractive, open and sustainable European labour market for researchers.
In order to improve the European research competitiveness at international level it is necessary to start a process of cultural change, discussion and comparison among all the stakeholders, public and private research institutions and politicians that needs the adoption of a Human Resources Strategy (HRS) for Researchers incorporating the C&C, with the final acknowledgement of the HRS4R logo.
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