About Italy

Residence permit for study purpose

Researchers: entry procedures, visas and residence permits


  Currency

Italy has been in the Eurozone since 2002

Denominations of the euro:

Banknotes: 5 · 10 · 20 · 50 · 100 · 200 · 500 euro

Coins: 0.01 · 0.02 · 0.05 · 0.10 · 0.20 · 0.50 · 1 · 2 euro

For current exchange rates consult www.ecb.int

  Electricity

Italy uses Europlugs – two-pin plugs found all over Europe. The electricity supply is 200V/50Hz

  Emergency numbers

Police 113
Carabinieri/Military Police 112
Fire Department 115
Ambulance 118
City Police 049 8205100

  Public Holidays

January 1: Capodanno (New Year’s Day)
January 6: Epifania (Epiphany)
Lunedì di Pasqua (Easter Monday)
April 25: Festa della Liberazione (Liberation Day, 1945)
May 1: Festa dei Lavoratori (Labour Day)
June 2: Festa della Repubblica (Republic Day - Birth of the Italian Republic, 1946)
June 13: Sant’Antonio (Saint Anthony’s Day, patron saint of Padova)
August 15: Assunzione (Feast of the Assumption)
November 1: Ognissanti (All Saints)
December 8: Immacolata concezione (Immaculate conception)
December 25: Natale (Christmas Day)
December 26: Santo Stefano (Boxing Day)

  Smoking

Since January 2005, Italy operates a non-smoking policy in all public buildings including cafés, restaurants and offices.

  Tax system

The Italian tax system is nationally managed by Agenzia delle Entrate (Revenue Agency); taxes are levied nationally, regionally and locally. They are grouped into two categories:

  • Direct Taxes, paid directly to the government by the person whose income is taxed (e.g., personal income tax, called IRPEF - Imposta sul Reddito delle Persone Fisiche)
  • Indirect Taxes, paid only if and when a taxable transaction takes place (e.g., taxes on goods, services or imports, such as IVA - Imposta sul Valore Aggiunto; VAT).

Besides the main national taxes, there are also local taxes (e.g., tax on municipal solid waste management). All workers are subject to taxation of their income or benefits. The amount of tax to be paid varies according to the type and duration of work contracts.

  Tax code

The Italian tax code (codice fiscale) is an alphanumeric code which allows Italian authorities to identify any person. The tax code is essential if you need to carry out to sign a contract in Italy,  to open a bank account, and to access many public services (including health services). It is also needed to enrol at the University of Padova.

The tax code is issued by the Italian Revenue Agency (Agenzia delle Entrate). You can apply for a tax code following one of the procedures detailed below:

  • Apply directly at the Italian consular authorities in your country of residence (recommended). Visit the website of the Italian consulate/embassy in your country for further information

OR

  • For students: contact the International Relations Office (international.admission@unipd.it) providing a copy of your passport. The Office will request a tax code on your behalf and forward it to you once ready. Please note that it may take several weeks.
  • For staff: contact the University/Department office of reference providing a copy of your passport. The Office will request a tax code on your behalf and forward it to you once ready. Please note that it may take several weeks. 

  Telephoning

Calling Italy from abroad

  1. Dial the international access code (00)
  2. Dial the country code (39)
  3. Dial the number including the area code (Padova: 049)

Calling abroad from Italy

  1. Dial the international access code (00)
  2. Dial the two digit country code
  3. Dial the number including the area code

  Time

Italy is in the Central European Time zone, 1 hour ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). In summer (last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October) Italy is 2 hours ahead of GMT.